Natural disasters are events that are simply out of our control. As beautiful as planet Earth is in providing breathtaking landscapes and architecture throughout the world, she also comes with some certain drawbacks such as earthquakes, hurricanes, and tornadoes. When it comes to natural disasters, it is essential to be informed and prepared for what may come.
No matter the situation, it is beneficial to have some basic emergency supplies. Regarding a natural disaster, like an earthquake, some additional supplies and procedures can aid you during a stressful situation.
What is an Earthquake?
An earthquake is a natural disaster that occurs within the Earth's crust. The Earth's crust is made up of tectonic plates, which are large, rigid plates that serve as the foundation of the ground we stand on. As these plates are always slowly moving, there comes a time where the movement causes a certain amount of friction that ultimately creates this disaster.
When the stress from the friction becomes overwhelming, it produces a wave of energy that gets released, causing the ground to shake. The amount of energy that gets stored up and released determines the severity of the earthquake. The timing of earthquakes is almost impossible to predict, so it is essential to always be prepared.
Earthquake Emergency Kit
An emergency kit is essential for any situation that puts your safety at risk. During an earthquake, it is beneficial to have your main emergency supplies as well as other earthquake essentials to aid in a less stressful environment.
Basic Emergency Supplies
It is advantageous to have a kit with basic emergency supplies, regardless of the situation.
First and foremost, having a food and water supply to last three days is an essential part of your basic emergency kit. Typically, saving three gallons of water per person is ideal, as well as reserving non-perishable foods. Rather than resorting to foods such as chips and candies, consider items like peanut butter and canned meats, which have more nutritional benefits.
Another aspect of your basic emergency kit should include a source of light in case of a power outage. Candles and flashlights are classic, old-fashioned items that are commonly added to an emergency kit. Other great innovative and affordable products can be beneficial to your emergency kit, such as Boundery's emergency light bulb, deluxe flashlight, and magnetic mini work light.
Finally, a first aid kit is an essential aspect of a basic emergency kit. Containing bandages and basic medications, a first aid kid is an absolute must to have. Some other items to add to your first aid kit could include some type of antiseptic solution, scissors, adhesive tape and gauze to name a few.
Consider any specific items that can be beneficial to individuals that need more medical attention. For example, individuals with diabetes may warrant additional items that can help with a hypoglycemic episode or extra doses of insulin. The elderly population usually depends on various prescription medications that are essential to their vitality and function. Speak with their medical provider to possibly obtain any extra medications to store in your emergency kit.
Heaven forbid you and your family experience a severe earthquake, anything inside your home is at stake of dislodging from its original place. In cases like this, it is helpful for every individual to obtain a whistle, in case they are in a situation where they need to alert another individual.
For example, in a household with small children, items and appliances within your home may dislodge, trapping them into a position where help is needed. In this case, the child can alert other members of the family with a small breath of air into a whistle to get their attention.
Having a broom secured in a safe area can help during the after-effects of an earthquake. As mentioned earlier, the severity of an earthquake is impossible to predict. In case of a more severe disaster, items and furniture will be displaced and disheveled, so a broom may be beneficial to clear the pathways of your home.
Going hand in hand with the benefits of a broom, setting aside a pair of sturdy shoes can also help. Having a pair of sturdy shoes prevents potential injuries as pieces of glass and other debris may appear on the floors of your home. Therefore, it is beneficial to have a broom to sweep away the leftover debris and to wear sturdy shoes to protect yourself from the missed debris that the broom may have left behind.
Heavy Duty Gloves
On top of the use of a broom and sturdy shoes, an additional item that would be beneficial to have on hand are some heavy duty gloves. Having a pair of durable gloves in your emergency kit can help when you are left to pick up hazardous debris. As with the broom and shoes, heavy duty gloves aid in protecting your bare skin from harmful materials left from the aftermath of an earthquake.
Preparing for an Earthquake
Compared to other natural disasters, earthquakes are one of the most unpredictable events that can occur at any given time. With this being said, it is important to be prepared with supplies and be prepared in actions that can protect yourself and your belongings.
If you are inside a building during an earthquake, find a sturdy table or desk to crouch underneath while covering your head.
If you find yourself outside during the start of an earthquake, do not panic. Move away from buildings, street lights, etc., and close yourself within an open area.
Regardless if you are inside or outside, stay clear of any windows as even the slightest shake can shatter the glass into pieces that can be harmful.
You can also take some preventative measures to help prepare for an earthquake ahead of time. For example, when arranging your home appliances, secure your larger appliances in a sturdy position and install flexible gas and water connections to prevent torn lines in the midst of an earthquake. Install emergency powered light sources, such as the EBulb, in case the earthquake disrupts electrical systems throughout your neighborhood. Additionally, avoid hanging large or heavy decorations above the wall where you sleep to avoid any injuries from an overnight earthquake.
Most often than not, emergency situations can be unpredictable and extremely stressful for anyone involved. As most are out of our control, some things can be done to prepare for such cases and make it a less stressful experience.
In the event of an earthquake, it is helpful to be prepared for before, during and after this natural disaster. Take the time to inform yourself and the members of your household of the protocols that take place in the event of an earthquake in order to protect their safety.